Q1. Which of the following was the first Indian cricket Club? 1M
a) The Bombay Cricket club
b) The Calcutta cricket club
c) The Madras Cricket Club
d) The Kanpur Cricket Club
Q.2. Which of the following was not a team of the Quadrangular Tournament? 1M
a) The Europeans
b) The Hindus
c) The Parsis
d) The Rest
Q.3. Where is the headquarters of ICC located? 1M
Three Marks Questions
Q1. Who were amateurs and professionals? 3M
Amateurs: The rich who could afford to play for pleasure were called amateurs. They considered sport a kind of leisure.
Professionals: The poor who played cricket in England for a living were called professionals. The wages of professionals were paid by patronage or subscription or gate money.
Q.2 ‘Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of clothing the Nation in Khadi appeal only to some sections of Indians’ Explain the statement with three facts. 3M
Ans: 3 i) Nationalists such as Motilal Nehru gave up Western-Style suits and adopted Indian dhoti and Kurta but these were not made of coarse cloth.
ii) Those who had been deprived by caste norms for centuries were attracted to western dress styles such as B.R. Ambedkar who never gave up the western style suit.
iii) Women like Sarojini Naidu and Kamla Nehru wore coloured saris with designs, instead of coarse white homespun saris.
Q 3. What were the sumptuary laws in France? 3M
Ans:4. From about 1294 to the time of the French revolution people were expected to strictly follow what were known as ‘sumptuary law’. This law tried to control the behaviors of those considered social inferiors, preventing them from wearing certain clothes, consuming certain foods and beverages and hunting game in certain areas. The French revolution ended these distinctions.
Q.4 The search for a national dress was the symbol of the cultural identity of the nation’. Explain the statement with context to India’s national movement. 3M
Ans:5. i) As nationalist feelings swept across India by the late 19th century. Indians began devising cultural symbolism that would express the variety of the nation and the national dress was part of this move.
ii) The Tagore family of Bengal experimented with designs for a National dress for both men and women in India; the chapkan was considered the most suitable dress for men.
iii) These were also attempts to develop a dress style that would draw on the tradition of different regions. Nandiani Devi wife of Satyendranath Tagore adopted the Parsi Sari. This was quickly adopted by Brahmos Samaj Womem. The same style was adopted among Maharastrian and Uttar Pradesh Brahms as well as Non-Brahmos.
Five Marks Questions
Q1. Why were Indian farmers reluctant to grow opium? 5M
Ans:1. i) Opium had to grow on the best land, but on this land peasants usually produced pulses.
ii) Many cultivators owned no land. To cultivate they had to pay rent and lease land from landlords. The rent charged by the landlords was very high.
ii) The cultivation of opium was a difficult process
iil) The opium plant was delicate and cultivators had to spend long hours nurturing it. This meant they did not have enough time to care for other crops.
iv) The price the government paid to the cultivators for the opium was very low.
Q. 2. Explain any five features of the Dutch Scientific forestry? 5M
I) In the 19th Century, the Dutch enacted forest laws in Java, restricting villagers access to forests.
ii) Now wood could only be cut for specified purposes like making boats or constructing houses under close supervision.
iii) Villagers were punished for grazing cattle in the forest and transporting wood without a permit.
iv) The Dutch first imposed rents on land being cultivated in the forest and then exempted to get free labour.
v) This was known as the ‘Blandong-diensten’ system.
Q 3 . How was the life of Pastoralists changed dramatically under colonial rule? 5M
Ans.i) The colonial state wanted to transform all grazing lands into cultivated farms.
ii) Waste Land Rules were enacted in various parts of the country. By these rules
uncultivated lands were taken over and given to selected individuals
iii) By the mid-nineteenth century, various Forest Acts were also being enacted in the
iv) In 1871, the colonial government in India passed the criminal Tribal Act. By this Act the
Pastoralists were not allowed to move out without a permit.
v) Pastoralists had to pay tax on every animal they grazed on the pastures.